志願者
VolunteeringisgenerallyconsideredanaltruisticactivitywhereanindividualorgroupprovidesservicesfornofinancialgainVolunteeringisalsorenownedforskilldevelopment,andisoftenintendedtopromotegoodnessortoimprovehumanqualityoflifeVolunteeringmayhavepositivebenefitsforthevolunteeraswellasforthepersonorcommunityservedItisalsointendedtomakecontactsforpossibleemploymentManyvolunteersarespecificallytrainedintheareastheywork,suchasmedicine,education,oremergencyrescueOthersserveonanas-neededbasis,suchasinresponsetoanaturaldisasterEtymologyandhistoryTheverbwasfirstrecordedin1755Itwasderivedfromthenounvolunteer,inC1600,onewhooffershimselfformilitaryservice,fromtheMiddleFrenchvoluntaireInthenon-militarysense,thewordwasfirstrecordedduringthe1630sThewordvolunteeringhasmorerecentusage—stillpredominantlymilitary—coincidingwiththephrasecommunityserviceInamilitarycontext,avolunteerarmyisamilitarybodywhosesoldierschosetoenterservice,asopposedtohavingbeenconscriptedSuchvolunteersdonotworkforfreeandaregivenregularpay19thcenturyDuringthistime,AmericaexperiencedtheGreatAwakeningPeoplebecameawareofthedisadvantagedandrealizedthecauseformovementagainstslaveryYoungerpeoplestartedhelpingtheneedyintheircommunitiesIn1851,thefirstYMCAintheUnitedStateswasstarted,followedsevenyearslaterbythefirstYWCADuringtheAmericanCivilWar,womenvolunteeredtheirtimetosewsuppliesforthesoldiersandtheAngeloftheBattlefieldClaraBartonandateamofvolunteersbeganprovidingaidtoservicemenBartonfoundedtheAmericanRedCrossin1881andbeganmobilizingvolunteersfordisasterreliefoperations,includingreliefforvictimsoftheJohnstownFloodin1889

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研究
Researchcomprisescreativeworkundertakenonasystematicbasisinordertoincreasethestockofknowledge,includingknowledgeofhumans,cultureandsociety,andtheuseofthisstockofknowledgetodevisenewapplicationsItisusedtoestablishorconfirmfacts,reaffirmtheresultsofpreviouswork,solveneworexistingproblems,supporttheorems,ordevelopnewtheoriesAresearchprojectmayalsobeanexpansiononpastworkinthefieldTotestthevalidityofinstruments,procedures,orexperiments,researchmayreplicateelementsofpriorprojects,ortheprojectasawholeTheprimarypurposesofbasicresearchofmethodsandsystemsfortheadvancementofhumanknowledgeApproachestoresearchdependonepistemologies,whichvaryconsiderablybothwithinandbetweenhumanitiesandsciencesThereareseveralformsofresearch:scientific,humanities,artistic,economic,social,business,marketing,practitionerresearch,etc

  311130   524   0.168

守門員
Inmanyteamsportswhichinvolvescoringgoals,agoalkeeperInsomesports,goalkeepersmayhavethesamerightsasotherplayers;inassociationfootball,forexample,thekeeperisallowedtokicktheballjustasanyotherplayer,butmayalsohandleitinarestrictedareaInothersportsgoalkeepersmaybelimitedintheactionstheyareallowedtotakeortheareaofthefieldwheretheymaybe;intheNHL,forexample,goalkeepersmaynotplaythepuckintherestrictedareasbehindthenetortakethepuckacrosstheredline

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首席執行官
DirekturUtamaatauPresidenDirektur,adalahjenjangtertinggidalamperusahaanatauadministratoryangdiberitanggungjawabuntukmengaturkeseluruhansuatuorganisasiSeseorangyangditunjuksebagaiCEOdalamsebuahkorporasi,perusahaan,organisasi,ataulembagabiasanyamelaporpadadewandirekturTugasTugasseorangCEOatauMDperusahaanditetapkanolehdewandirekturatauotoritasorganisasilain,tergantungstrukturhukumorganisasiTugasmerekabisaluasatauterbatasdanbiasanyadiutamakandalamdelegasiotoritasformalUmumnya,CEO/MDbertugassebagaiseorangkomunikator,pengambilkeputusan,pemimpin,pengelola,daneksekutorPerankomunikatormelibatkanpersdanseisidunialuar,sertamanajemendankaryawanorganisasi;peranpengambilkeputusanmencakupkeputusantingkattinggitserkaitkebijakandanstrategiSebagaipemimpin,CEO/MDmemberisarankepadadewandirektur,memotivasikaryawan,danmenggerakkanperubahandalamorganisasiSebagaimanajer,CEO/MDmengawasioperasiorganisasisetiaphari,bulan,dantahun

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大將
Ageneralofficerisanofficerofhighrankinthearmy,andinsomenationsairforcesormarinesThetermgeneralisusedintwoways:asthegenerictitleforallgradesofgeneralofficerandasaspecificrankItoriginatesinthe16thcentury,asashorteningofcaptaingeneral,whichrankwastakenfromMiddleFrenchcapitainegénéralTheadjectivegeneralhadbeenaffixedtoofficerdesignationssincethelatemedievalperiodtoindicaterelativesuperiorityoranextendedjurisdictionGeneralofficerranksThevariousgradesofgeneralofficerareatthetopofthemilitaryrankstructureLower-rankingofficersinland-centricmilitaryforcesaretypicallyknownasfieldofficersorfield-gradeofficers,andbelowthemarecompany-gradeofficersCommonsystemsTherearetwocommonsystemsofgeneralranksusedworldwideInadditionthereisathirdcommoninternationalsystem,theArabsystemofranks,whichisusedthroughouttheMiddleEastandNorthAfricabutisnotusedelsewhereintheworldVariationsofoneform,theoldEuropeansystem,wereonceusedthroughoutEuropeItisusedintheUnitedKingdom,fromwhichiteventuallyspreadtotheCommonwealthandtheUnitedStatesofAmericaThegeneralofficerranksarenamedbyprefixinggeneral,asanadjective,withfieldofficerranks,althoughinsomecountriesthehighestgeneralofficersaretitledfieldmarshal,marshal,orcaptaingeneral

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星靈魔導士

  4   0   0

母親

  3   0   0

CEO總裁

  2   0   0

心理輔導師

  2   0   0

線長

  1   0   0

總裁保鑣

  0   0   0

宣傳部部長

  0   0   0

制作技術

  0   0   0

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