社會工作
Socialworkisaprofessionalandacademicdisciplinethatseekstoimprovethequalityoflifeandenhancewellbeingofindividuals,families,couples,groups,andcommunitiesthroughresearch,policyplanning,communitydevelopment,directpractice,crisisintervention,ensuringsocialwelfareandsecurityforthoseaffectedbysocialdisadvantagessuchaspoverty,psychosocialcaretomentallyandphysicallydisabled,andraisingvoicesagainstsocialinjusticeforsocialreforms,includingsocialactionsagainstviolationsofcivillibertiesandhumanrightsItisaprogressiveprofessionwhereonecanbeactivelyengagedinhelpingotherstohelpthemselvesItisaprofessionthatdealswithvariousproblemsandissuessystematicallyandscientificallyTheprofessionisdedicatedtothepursuitofsocialjusticeandthewell-beingofoppressedandmarginalizedindividualsandcommunities,acollectiveactionforcombatingracism,sexism,classism,heterosexism,ageism,adultism,mentalism,ableismetcSocialworkisabroadprofessionthatencompassesitsactivitiesinfieldslikeHealthandMentalHealth,SocialServiceAdministration,ChildrenandtheirFamilies,SocialWorkPolicyAnalysis,SocialJusticeandDiversity,ForensicandTraumatology,Gerontology,etc

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微生物學
Microbiologyisthestudyofmicroscopicorganisms,thosebeingunicellularMicrobiologyencompassesnumeroussub-disciplinesincludingvirology,mycology,parasitology,andbacteriologyEukaryoticmicro-organismspossessmembrane-boundcellorganellesandincludefungiandprotists,whereasprokaryoticorganisms—whichallaremicroorganisms—areconventionallyclassifiedaslackingmembrane-boundorganellesandincludeeubacteriaandarchaebacteriaMicrobiologiststraditionallyreliedonculture,staining,andmicroscopyHowever,lessthan1%ofthemicroorganismspresentincommonenvironmentscanbeculturedinisolationusingcurrentmeansMicrobiologistsoftenrelyonextractionordetectionofnucleicacid,eitherDNAorRNAsequencesViruseshavebeenvariablyclassifiedasorganisms,astheyhavebeenconsideredeitherasverysimplemicroorganismsorverycomplexmoleculesPrions,neverconsideredmicroorganisms,havebeeninvestigatedbyvirologists,however,astheclinicaleffectstracedtothemwereoriginallypresumedduetochronicviralinfections,andvirologiststooksearch—discoveringinfectiousproteins

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胸腔醫學
PulmonologyisamedicalspecialitythatdealswithdiseasesinvolvingtherespiratorytractThetermisderivedfromtheLatinwordpulmō,pulmōnis,respirologyandrespiratorymedicinePulmonologyisknownaschestmedicineandrespiratorymedicineinsomecountriesandareasPulmonologyisconsideredabranchofinternalmedicine,andisrelatedtointensivecaremedicinePulmonologyofteninvolvesmanagingpatientswhoneedlifesupportandmechanicalventilationPulmonologistsarespeciallytrainedindiseasesandconditionsofthechest,particularlypneumonia,asthma,tuberculosis,emphysema,andcomplicatedchestinfections

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